Reading Comprehension 3

Question :

1. Read the text quickly and sign the difficult words

2. Make a list of new vocabulary with their meaning

3. Reread the text and answer the questions given

4. Translate the passasage into Indonesian language

5. Read the text again and write the ideas of each paragraph

6. Make a summary of the passage

Status : 100%

Information : done

Answer :

1. Read the text quickly and sign the difficult words

Recent technological advances in manned and unmanned undersea vehicles, along with breakthroughs in satellite technology and computer equipment, have overcome some of the limitations of divers and diving equipment for scientist’s research on the great oceans of the world. Without a vehicle, divers often became sluggish, and their mental concentration was severely limited. Because undersea pressure affects their speech organs, communication among divers has always been difficult or impossible. But today, most oceanographers avoid the use of vulnerable human divers, preferring to reduce the risk to human life and make direct observation by means of instruments that are lowered into the ocean, from samples taken from the water, or from photographs made by orbiting satellites. Direct observations of the ocean floor can be made not only by divers but also by deep-diving submarines in the water and even by the technology of sophisticated aerial photography from vantage points above the surface of the water. Some submarines can dive to depths of more than seven miles and cruise at depths of fifteen thousand feet. In addition, radio equipped buoys can be operated by remote control in order to transmit information back to land-based laboratories via satellite. Particularly important for ocean study are data about water temperature, currents, and weather. Satellite photographs can show the distribution of sea ice, oil slicks, and cloud formations over the ocean. Maps created from satellite pictures can represent the temperature and color of the ocean’s surface, enabling researchers to study the ocean currents from laboratories on dry land. Furthermore, computers help oceanographers to collect, organize, and analyze data from submarines and satellite. By creating a model of the ocean’s movement and characteristics, scientists can predict the patterns and possible effects of the ocean on the environment.

Recently, many oceanographers have been relying more on satellites and computers than on research ships or even submarine vehicles because they can supply a greater range of information more quickly and more effectively. Some of humankind’s most serious problems, especially those concerning energy and food, may be solved with the help of observations made possible by this new technology.

 

2. Make a list of new vocabulary with their meaning

  • manned : berawak
  • vehicles : kendaraan
  • breakthroughs : terobosan
  • overcome : mengatasi
  • divers : penyelam
  • sluggish : lamban
  • severely : sangat
  • pressure : tekanan
  • avoid : menghindari
  • vulnerable : rentan
  • reduce : mengurangi
  • sophisticated : canggih
  • aerial : udara
  • depths : kedalaman
  • buoys : pelampung
  • Particularly : terutama
  • enabling : memungkinkan
  • Furthermore : selanjutnya
  • predict : meramalkan
  • relying : mengandalkan
  • humankind’s : umat manusia

 

3. Reread the text and answer the questions given

  1.  A. Technological advances in oceanography
  2.  A. Nervous
  3.  A. The pressure affected their speech organs
  4.  C. Controlling currents and the weather
  5.  C. Have the same limitations that divers have
  6.  C. Stay in communication
  7.  D.  By operators outside the vehicle on a laboratory on shore
  8.  C. A model of the ocean’s movements

 

4. Translate the passasage into Indonesian language

Kemajuan teknologi baru-baru ini di kendaraan bawah laut berawak dan tak berawak, bersama dengan terobosan dalam teknologi satelit dan peralatan komputer, telah mengatasi beberapa keterbatasan penyelam dan peralatan selam untuk penelitian ilmuwan tentang lautan besar dunia. Tanpa kendaraan, penyelam sering menjadi lamban, dan konsentrasi mental mereka sangat terbatas. Karena tekanan bawah laut memengaruhi organ bicara mereka, komunikasi di antara penyelam selalu sulit atau tidak mungkin. Tapi hari ini, sebagian besar ahli kelautan menghindari penggunaan penyelam manusia yang rentan, lebih memilih untuk mengurangi risiko terhadap kehidupan manusia dan melakukan pengamatan langsung dengan instrumen yang diturunkan ke laut, dari sampel yang diambil dari air, atau dari foto yang dibuat oleh satelit yang mengorbit. . Pengamatan langsung dari dasar laut dapat dilakukan tidak hanya oleh penyelam tetapi juga oleh kapal selam yang menyelam di dalam air dan bahkan oleh teknologi fotografi udara yang canggih dari titik-titik yang menguntungkan di atas permukaan air. Beberapa kapal selam dapat menyelam ke kedalaman lebih dari tujuh mil dan berlayar di kedalaman lima belas ribu kaki. Selain itu, pelampung yang dilengkapi radio dapat dioperasikan dengan remote control untuk mengirimkan informasi kembali ke laboratorium berbasis darat melalui satelit. Yang sangat penting untuk studi kelautan adalah data tentang suhu air, arus, dan cuaca. Foto-foto satelit dapat menunjukkan distribusi es laut, lapisan minyak, dan formasi awan di atas lautan. Peta yang dibuat dari gambar satelit dapat mewakili suhu dan warna permukaan laut, memungkinkan para peneliti untuk mempelajari arus laut dari laboratorium di lahan kering. Selain itu, komputer membantu ahli kelautan untuk mengumpulkan, mengatur, dan menganalisis data dari kapal selam dan satelit. Dengan membuat model pergerakan dan karakteristik lautan, para ilmuwan dapat memprediksi pola dan kemungkinan efek lautan terhadap lingkungan.

Baru-baru ini, banyak ahli kelautan telah lebih mengandalkan satelit dan komputer daripada pada kapal penelitian atau bahkan kendaraan bawah laut karena mereka dapat menyediakan berbagai informasi yang lebih besar dengan lebih cepat dan lebih efektif. Beberapa masalah manusia yang paling serius, terutama yang berkaitan dengan energi dan makanan, dapat diselesaikan dengan bantuan pengamatan yang dimungkinkan oleh teknologi baru ini.

 

5. Read the text again and write the ideas of each paragraph

  • Paragraph 1

Recent technological advances in manned and unmanned undersea vehicles, along with breakthroughs in satellite technology and computer equipment, have overcome some of the limitations of divers and diving equipment for scientist’s research on the great oceans of the world.

  • Paragraph 2

Many oceanographers have been relying more on satellites and computers than on research ships or even submarine vehicles because they can supply a greater range of information more quickly and more effectively.

 

6. Make a summary of the passage

Recent technological advances in manned and unmanned undersea vehicles, along with breakthroughs in satellite technology and computer equipment, have overcome some of the limitations of divers and diving equipment for scientist’s research on the great oceans of the world. Many oceanographers have been relying more on satellites and computers than on research ships or even submarine vehicles because they can supply a greater range of information more quickly and more effectively.

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