SKUP SEPTIAN BL101Z

Perkenalkan nama sama Septian Saputra, biasa dipanggil Paing. Asal dari Pulau Tidung, Kepulauan Serib, DKI Jakarta. Saya anak pertama dari tiga bersaudara. Saya senang sekali olahraga sepakbola. Saya berharap dapat membahagiakan orangtua saya dan bisa berguna bagi orang-orang disekitar saya. Sekedar info saya masih single loh…..

NOKETERANGANSTATUS GRADED

SKUP TUGAS SUKMA JAYA Reading Comprehension 3

 

PERTANYAAN

 

1. Read the text quickly and sign the difficult words

2. Make a list of new vocabulary with their meaning

3. Reread the text and answer the questions given

4. Translate the passasage into Indonesian language

5. Read the text again and write the ideas of each paragraph

6. Make a summary of the passage

 

JAWABAN

1.       the difficult words

breakthrough, sluggish, directness, sophisticated

 

2.       new vocabulary with their meaning

breakthrough    : terobosan (breach)

sluggish                : lamban (slow, lumbering, plodding, indolent, clumsy)

directness           : keterusterangan (candor, directness, frankness, candidness, freedom)

sophisticated     : mutakhir (current, sophisticated, up-to-date)

 

3.       answer the questions given

1. With which topic is the passage primarily concerned?

A. Technological advances in oceanography

B. Communication among divers

C. Direct observation of the ocean floor

D. Undersea vehicles

  • A. Technological advances in oceanography

 

2. The word sluggish in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to?

A. Nervous

B. Confuse

C. Slow moving

D. Very week

  •   C. Slow moving

 

3. Divers have had problems in communicating under water because?

A. The pressure affected their speech organs

B. The vehicles they used have not been perfected

C. They did not pronounce clearly

D. The water destroyed their speech organs

  •   A. The pressure affected their speech organs

 

4.This passage suggests that the successful exploration of the ocean depends upon?

A. Vehicles as well as divers

B. Radios that divers use to communicate

C. Controlling currents and the weather

D. The limitations of diving equipment

  •   B. Radios that divers use to communicate

 

5. Undersea vehicles ?

A. Are too small for a man to fit inside

B. Are very slow to respond

C. Have the same limitations that divers have

D. Make direct observations of the ocean floor

  •   D. Make direct observations of the ocean floor

 

6. The word cruise in the paragraph 1 could best be replaced by?

A. Travel at a constant speed

B. Function without problems

C. Stay in communication

D. Remain still

  •   A. Travel at a constant speed

 

7. How is radio-equipped buoy operated?

A.  By operators inside the vehicle in the part underwater

B.  By operators outside the vehicle on a ship

C.  By operators outside the vehicle on a diving platform

D.  By operators outside the vehicle on a laboratory on shore

  •   A.  By operators inside the vehicle in the part underwater

 

8. Which of the following are NOT shown in satellite photographs?

A. The temperature of the ocean’s surface

B. Cloud formation over the ocean

C. A model of the ocean’s movements

D. The location of sea ice

  •   C. A model of the ocean’s movements

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4.       Translate the passasage into Indonesian language

Kemajuan teknologi baru-baru ini di kendaraan bawah laut berawak dan tak berawak, bersama dengan terobosan dalam teknologi satelit dan peralatan komputer, telah mengatasi beberapa keterbatasan penyelam dan peralatan selam untuk penelitian ilmuwan di Samudra besar dunia. Tanpa kendaraan, penyelam sering menjadi lamban, dan konsentrasi mental mereka sangat terbatas. Karena tekanan bawah laut memengaruhi organ bicara mereka, komunikasi di antara penyelam selalu sulit atau tidak mungkin. Tetapi hari ini, kebanyakan orang menghindari penggunaan pengalih perhatian manusia, lebih disukai untuk mengurangi risiko hidup dan keterusterangan manusia, dari air, atau dari foto-foto yang dibuat oleh satelit yang mengorbit. . Pengamatan langsung dari dasar laut dapat dilakukan tidak hanya oleh penyelam tetapi juga oleh kapal selam dalam teknologi dan fotografi udara canggih dari tempat yang menguntungkan di atas permukaan air. Beberapa kapal selam dapat menyelam ke kedalaman lebih dari tujuh mil dan berlayar di kedalaman lima belas ribu kaki. Selain itu, pelampung yang dilengkapi radio dapat dioperasikan dengan remote control untuk mengirimkan informasi kembali ke laboratorium berbasis darat melalui satelit. Sangat penting untuk data studi kelautan tentang suhu air, arus, dan cuaca. Foto-foto satelit dapat menunjukkan distribusi es laut, lapisan minyak, dan formasi awan di atas lautan. Peta yang dibuat dari gambar satelit dapat mewakili suhu dan warna permukaan laut, memungkinkan para peneliti untuk mempelajari arus laut dari laboratorium di lahan kering. Selain itu, komputer membantu para pelaut untuk mengumpulkan, mengatur, dan menganalisis data dari kapal selam dan satelit. Dengan membuat model pergerakan dan karakteristik samudera, para ilmuwan dapat membuat model pergerakan dan karakteristik samudera.

 

Baru-baru ini, banyak pelaut telah mengandalkan komputer dan komputer untuk penelitian pada kendaraan bawah laut karena mereka dapat menyediakan berbagai informasi yang lebih besar dengan lebih cepat dan lebih efektif. Beberapa masalah umat manusia, terutama yang berkaitan dengan energi dan makanan, dimungkinkan oleh teknologi baru ini.

 

5.       the ideas of each paragraph

Paragraph 1        : technological advances in oceanography

Paragraph 2        : using computers for seafaring research

 

6.       summary of the passage

Recent technological advances in subsea vehicles along with breakthroughs in satellite technology and computer equipment, have overcome some of the limitations of divers and diving equipment for research scientists in the world’s great Ocean.

Direct observation of the seabed can be carried out not only by divers but also by submarines in advanced aerial technology and photography from a favorable place above the water surface.

Seafarers have relied on computers and computers to research underwater vehicles.

TUGAS SUKMA JAYA 1811390032 Reading Comprehension 2

1. Read the text quickly and sign the difficult words
2. Make a list of new vocabulary with their meaning
3. Reread the text and answer the questions given
4. Translate the passasage into Indonesian language
5. Read the text again and write the ideas of each paragraph
6. Make a summary of the passage

Answer
1. The difficult words
Hurl, stream, extend

2. New vocabulary with their meaning
Hurl : melemparkan (throw, cast, toss, fling, put)
Stream : aliran (flow, school, current, genre, flux)
Extend : memanjang (prolong, lengthen, overstay, elongate, sustain)

3. Answer the questions given
1. What is the author’s main purpose in the passage?
A. To propose a theory to explain sunspots
B. To describe the nature of sunspots
C. To compare the umbra and penumbra in sunspots
D. To argue for the existence of magnetic fields in sunspots
 B. To describe the nature of sunspots

2. The word controversial in paragraph 1 is closet in meaning to?
A. Widely accepted
B. Open to debate
C. Just introduced
D. Very complicated
 B. Open to debate

3. Solar particles are hurled into space by ?
A. Undetermined causes
B. Disturbances of wind
C. Small rivers on the surface of the sun
D. Changes in the Earth’s atmosphere
 B. Disturbances of wind

4. The word particles in paragraph 1 refer to ?
A. Gas explosions in the atmosphere
B. Light rays from the sun
C. Liquid streams on the sun
D. Small pieces of matter from the sun
 D. Small pieces of matter from the sun

5. How can we describe matter from the sun that enters the Earth’s atmosphere?
A. Very small
B. Very hot
C. Very bright
D. Very hard
 A. Very small

6. What does the author mean by the statement Actually, the sunspots are cooler than the rest of
the photosphere, which may account for their apparently darker color?
A. Neither sunspots nor the photosphere is hot.
B. Sunspots in the photosphere do not have any color.
C. The color of sunspots could be affected by their temperature.
D. The size of a sunspot affects its temperature.
 C. The color of sunspots could be affected by their temperature.

7. The word they in the paragraph 2 refers to ?
A. Structure
B. Spots
C. Miles
D. Granules
 D. Granules

8. The word consequently in the paragraph 2 could best be replaced by?
A. As a result
B. Nevertheless
C. Without doubt
D. In this way
 A. As a result

9. In which configuration do sunspots usually occur?
A. In one spot of varying size
B. In a configuration of two spots
C. In arrangements of one hundred or more spots
D. In groups of several thousand spots
 C. In arrangements of one hundred or more spots

10. How are sunspots explained?
A. Sunspots appear to be related to magnetic fields on the Earth.
B. Sunspots may be related to magnetic fields that follow longitudinal lines on the sun.
C. Sunspots are explained by storms that occur on the Earth.
D. Sunspots have no theory or model to explain them.
 B. Sunspots may be related to magnetic fields that follow longitudinal lines on the sun.

11. The sunspot theory is ?
A. Not considered very important
B. Widely accepted
C. Subject to disagreement
D. Relatively new
 B. Widely accepted

4. Translate the passasage into Indonesian language
Menurut teori sunspot yang kontroversial, badai besar atau letusan di permukaan matahari melemparkan aliran partikel matahari ke ruang angkasa dan akhirnya ke atmosfer planet kita, menyebabkan perubahan cuaca di Bumi dan gangguan pada komunikasi radio dan televisi.

Sebuah sunspot tipikal terdiri dari umbra tengah yang gelap, sebuah kata yang berasal dari kata Latin untuk bayangan, yang dikelilingi oleh penumbra yang lebih terang dari cahaya dan benang gelap memanjang keluar dari pusat seperti jari-jari roda. Sebenarnya bintik matahari lebih dingin daripada bagian photosphere lainnya, yang mungkin menjelaskan warnanya yang tampak lebih gelap. Biasanya, suhu dalam umbra bintik matahari adalah sekitar 4000 K, sedangkan suhu dalam penumbra mendaftar 5500 K, dan butiran luar di tempat itu adalah 6000 K.

Sunspots memiliki ukuran mulai dari butiran kecil hingga struktur kompleks dengan area yang membentang miliaran mil persegi. Sekitar 5 persen dari semua bintik matahari cukup besar sehingga dapat dilihat dari Bumi tanpa instrumen; akibatnya, pengamatan bintik matahari telah direkam selama ribuan tahun.

Sunspot telah diamati dalam pengaturan satu hingga lebih dari seratus titik, tetapi mereka cenderung terjadi berpasangan. Ada juga kecenderungan yang ditandai untuk dua titik dari pasangan untuk memiliki kutub magnet yang berlawanan. Selain itu, kekuatan medan magnet yang terkait dengan bintik matahari apa pun terkait erat dengan ukuran tempat. Bintik matahari juga telah diamati terjadi dalam siklus, selama periode sebelas tahun. Setelah awal suatu siklus, badai terjadi antara 20 dan 40 derajat utara dan selatan khatulistiwa di bawah sinar matahari. saat siklus berlanjut, beberapa badai bergerak semakin dekat ke garis khatulistiwa. Ketika siklus berkurang, jumlah bintik matahari berkurang ke minimum dan mereka mengelompok antara 5 dan 15 derajat lintang utara dan selatan.

Meskipun tidak ada teori yang sepenuhnya menjelaskan sifat dan fungsi bintik matahari, beberapa model menunjukkan upaya ilmuwan untuk menghubungkan fenomena tersebut dengan garis-garis medan magnet di sepanjang garis bujur dari kutub utara dan selatan matahari.

5. The ideas of each paragraph

Paragraph 1 : controversial sunspot theory
Paragraph 2 : a typical sunspot consists of umbra and penumbra
Paragraph 3 : sunspot size
Paragraph 4 : the strength of the magnetic field associated with any given sunspot is
closely related to the spot’s size.
Paragraph 5 : the efforts of scientists to link the phenomenon with magnetic field lines
along the longitude of the north and south poles of the sun.

6. Summary of the passage

Large storms or eruptions on the sun’s surface throw the flow of solar particles into space and eventually into the atmosphere of our planet, causing weather changes on Earth and disruptions to radio and television communications.

A typical sunspot consists of a dark central umbra, a word derived from the Latin word for shadow, which is surrounded by a lighter penumbra of light and dark threads extending out from the center like the spokes of a wheel.

Sunspots range in size from tiny granules to complex structures with areas stretching for billions of square miles.

Sunspot has been observed in arrangements of one to more than one hundred spots, but they tend to occur in pairs.

SKUP SUKMA JAYA1811390032 BL102Z

MENGENAL SUKMA.J LEBIH DEKAT .. !!!

Salam kenal teman-teman. Saya seorang laki-laki bernama  SUKMA JAYA  biasa akrab dipanggil Sukma. Aku lahir kedunia dari seorang wanita cantik bernama  Nanih (Alm)  dan seorang ayah bernama  Ahmad (alm)  , aku anak ke enam dari tujuh bersaudara… ..

Sejak SD dan SMP Hingga SMK masa kanak-kanaku kuhabiskan di pulau Tidung, belanja dan mandi atau berenang di laut merupakan pengeluaranku, setelah lulus SMK aku bekerja di Jakarta sekian lama aku bisa kuliah jg di perguruan tinggi raharja semoga semua cari di sini.
Saya sangat suka dunia kompter dan internet oleh karena itu saya masih merayap-rayap untuk belajar, visi besarku ingin memajukan dunia komputer dan internet di Pulau ku, yaitu di pulau tidung dan akan ku jadikan   “Pulau Tidung Cyber”   yang akan menjadi sebutannya. semoga semua harapan saya dapat terwujud

Quizioner

Instructions

Dear all,

Kindly fill in the survey as below:

Survey iLearning Plus

STATUS : TERCAPAI

KETERANGAN : Mengisi kuisoner dan posting di Ime

Pembuktian :

[pe2-image src=”http://lh3.googleusercontent.com/-XA0nIsNlgrk/VV7wsOkPHnI/AAAAAAAAIiU/PM4sfkHxt6s/s144-c-o/mj202.jpg” href=”https://picasaweb.google.com/115226430406011640057/IMePhoto#6151618783649668722″ caption=”” type=”image” alt=”mj202.jpg” pe2_gal_align=”center” pe2_img_align=”center” ]

Lesson 15

Instructions

Use the steps to comprehend the text. Read 14th passage:

1. Read the passage quickly and underlined the words that you don’t know

2. Read again and use dictionary to look for the meaning of underlined words

3. Summary each paragraph/ gist the main idea of each paragraph

4. Read again and answer the questions given.

STATUS : TERCAPAI

KETERANGAN : Reading and answer the question Lesson 15

PEMBUKTIAN :

United States Census Bureau

The principal source of periodic demographic data. Major programs include the Census of Population and Housing (decennial census) and the Intercensal Demographic Estimates. The Census Bureau’s current demographic statistics program provides information on the number, geographic distribution, and social and economic characteristics of the population, including official estimates of income and poverty, estimates of health insurance coverage and homeownership rates, and a quarterly indicator of housing vacancies. The principal source of periodic economic data. Conducts several periodic censuses every five years, covering the years ending in two and seven and major programs include the Economic Census and Census of Governments.

          The fact that most Americans live in urban areas does not mean that they reside in the center of large cities. In fact, more Americans live in the suburbs of large metropolitan areas than in the cities themselves.

The Bureau of the Census regards any area with more than 2500 people as an urban area, and does not consider boundaries of cities and suburbs. According to the Bureau, the political boundaries are less significant than the social and economic relationships and the transportation and communication systems that integrate a locale. The term used by the Bureau for an integrated metropolis is an MSA, which stands for Metropolitan Statistical Area. In general, an MSA is any area that contains a city and its surrounding suburbs and has a total population of 50,000 or more.

At the present time, the Bureau reports more than 280 MSAs, which together account for 75 percent of the US population. In addition, the Bureau recognizes eighteen megapolises, that is, continuous adjacent metropolitan areas. One of the most obvious megapolises includes a chain of hundreds of cities and suburbs across the states on the East Coast from Massachusetts to Virginia, including Boston, New York, and Washington, D. C. In the Eastern Corridor, as it is called, a population of 45 million inhabitants is concentrated. Another megapolis that is growing rapidly is the California coast from San Francisco through Los Angels to San Diego.

  1. What is the best title for the passage?
  2. Align with the passage, where do most Americans live?
  3. According to the Bureau of the Census, what is an urban area?
  4. List some nature of an urban area!
  5. What is the synonym to the word integrate in paragraph 2?
  6. What does the wordits in paragraph 2 refer to?
  7. What is the meaning of the word adjacent in paragraph 3?
  8. What is a megapolis, according to the author?
  9. What is the author’s intention that He cites the Eastern Corridor and the California coastin paragraph 3?

—–

1. United States Census Bureau

2. urban areas

3. urban area is the region surrounding a city. Most inhabitants of urban areas have nonagricultural jobs. Urban areas are very developed, meaning there is a density of human structures such as houses, commercial buildings, roads, bridges, and railways.

4. characterized by high human population density and vast human-built features in comparison to the areas surrounding it,  created and further developed by the process of urbanization.

5. rally

6. MSA ( metropolitan statistical area )

7. berdekatan

8. continuous adjacent metropolitan areas. One of the most obvious megapolises includes a chain of hundreds of cities and suburbs across the states.

9. That is meaning of megapolises area

—-

Main idea

Americans live in the suburbs of large metropolitan areas than in the cities themselves

The Bureau of the Census regards any area with more than 2500 people as an urban area, and does not consider boundaries of cities and suburbs.

At the present time, the Bureau reports more than 280 MSA

decennial : sepanjang sepuluh tahun

Intercensal : antar

poverty : kemiskinan

quarterly : triwulan

Conducts : perilaku

reside : tinggal

consider boundaries : mempertimbangkan batas batas

adjacent : berdekatan

inhabitants : orang yang diam permanen di suatu wilayah

 

 

 

 

Lesson 14

Instructions

Use the steps to comprehend the text. Read 13th passage:

1. Read the passage quickly and underlined the words that you don’t know

2. Read again and use dictionary to look for the meaning of underlined words

3. Summary each paragraph/ gist the main idea of each paragraph

4. Read again and answer the questions given.

Status : Tercapai

Keterangan :Reading 13th passage and answer the question

Pembuktian :

Seismologists have devised two scales of measurement to enable them to describe and record information about earthquakes in quantitative terms. The most widely known measurement is the Richter scale, a numerical logarithmic scale developed and introduced by American seismologist Charles R. Richter in 1935. The purpose of the scale is to measure the amplitude of the largest trace recorded by a standard seismograph one hundred kilometers from the epicenter of an earthquake. Tables have been formulated to demonstrate the magnitude of any earthquake from any seismograph. For example, a one-unit increase in magnitude translates into an increase of times thirty in released energy. To put that another way, each number on the Richter scale represents an earthquake ten times as strong as one of the next lower magnitude. Specifically, an earthquake of magnitude 6 is ten times as strong as an earthquake of   magnitude 5.

On the Richter scale, earthquakes of 6.75 are considered great and 7.0 to 7.75 are considered major. An earthquake that reads 4 to 5.5 would be expected to have caused localized damage, and those of magnitude 2 may be felt.

The other earthquake-assessment scale, introduced by the Italian seismologist Giuseppe Mercalli, measures the intensity of shaking, using gradations from 1 to 12. Because the effects of such shaking dissipate with distance from the epicenter of the earthquake, the Mercalli rating depends on the site of the measurement. Earthquakes of Mercalli 2 or 3 are basically the same as those of Richter 3 or 4; measurements of 11 or 12 on the Mercalli scale can be roughly correlated with magnitudes of 8 or 9 on the Richter scale. In either case, the relative power or energy released by the earthquake can be understood, and the population waits to hear how bad the earthquake that just passed really was.

It is estimated that almost one million earthquakes occur each year, but most of them are so minor that they pass undetected. In fact, more than one thousand earthquakes of a magnitude of 2 or lower on the Richter scale occur every day.

  1. What is the main topic of the passage?
  2. Align with information in the passage, what does the Richter scale note?
  3. What is the synonym of the word standardin paragraph 1?
  4. What is the benefit of the tables?
  5. How does each number on the Richter scale compare?
  6. What does the author means by the statement :

Because the effects of such shaking dissipate with distance from the epicenter of the earthquake, the Mercalli rating depends on the site of the measurement?

  1.  What is the meaning of the word undetectedin paragraph 4?
  2. Write a conclusion in one statement that it would be the author most probably agree!
  3.  List the explanations of the Richter scale!

—-

Seismologists : seismolog – ilmu yang mempelajari tentang gempa

devised : dirancang

purpose : tujuan

magnitude : besarnya

released : terlepas

represents : merupakan

considered : dianggap

expected : diharapkan

caused : menyebabkan

felt : merasa

assessment : penaksiran

intensity : intensitas

dissipate : menghilang

roughly : kira-kira

occur : terjadi

undetected  : tidak terdeteksi

—–

1. Seismologists

2. each number on the Richter scale represents an earthquake ten times as strong as one of the next lower magnitude

3. generally

4. Tables have been formulated to demonstrate the magnitude of any earthquake from any seismograph. For example, a one-unit increase in magnitude translates into an increase of times thirty in released energy.

5. each number on the Richter scale represents an earthquake ten times as strong as one of the next lower magnitude.

6. Mercally devices depending on the proximity of the device with earthquake location

7. tidak terdeteksi / unprediction when the earthquake attack

8. Seismograph with Ritcher device is more better than Mercally and however earthquke until now can be unprediction when attack, but can be prediction with Ritcher device when high vibration that arises

Main idea

eismologists have devised two scales of measurement to enable them to describe and record information about earthquakes in quantitative terms.

The purpose Ritcher of the scale is to measure the amplitude of the largest trace recorded by a standard seismograph one hundred kilometers from the epicenter of an earthquake.

The other earthquake-assessment scale, Mercalli measures the intensity of shaking, using gradations from 1 to 12. Because the effects of such shaking dissipate with distance from the epicenter of the earthquake,

 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lesson 13

Instructions

Use the steps to comprehend the text. Read 12th passage:

1. Read the passage quickly and underlined the words that you don’t know

2. Read again and use dictionary to look for the meaning of underlined words

3. Summary each paragraph/ gist the main idea of each paragraph

4. Read again and answer the questions given.

What Is Noise?

Noise is defined as any unwanted or disagreeable sound and is often dismissed simply as a “nuisance.” However, noise can become harmful when it interferes with a child’s normal activities, such as sleeping or talking, or disrupts or diminishes a child’s health or quality of life.

Measurement of Noise

Noise, like all sounds, is measured by the intensity and frequency of the sound waves that hit the ear. The unit used to measure the volume of sound is the decibel (dB). The greater the number of decibels, the louder the noise and the more harmful it is to your ears.

Although noise, commonly defined as unwanted sound, is a widely recognized form of pollution, it is very difficult to measure because the discomfort experienced by different individuals is highly subjective and, therefore, variable. Exposure to lower levels of noise may be slightly imitating, whereas exposure to higher levels may actually cause hearing loss. Particularly in congested urban areas, the noise produced as a by product of our advancing technology causes physical and psychological harm but it also detracts from the quality of life for those exposed to it.

Unlike the eyes, which can be covered by the eyelids against strong light, the ear has no lid, and is, therefore, always open and vulnerable; noise penetrates without protection.

Noise causes effects that the hearer cannot control and to which the body never becomes accustomed. Loud noises instinctively signal danger to any organism with a hearing mechanism, including human beings. In response, heartbeat and respiration accelerate, blood vessels constrict, the skin pales, and muscles tense. In fact, there is a general increase in functioning brought about by the flow of adrenaline released in response to fear, and some of these responses persist even longer than the noise, occasionally as long as thirty minutes after the sound has ceased.

Because noise is unavoidable in a complex, industrial society, we are constantly responding in the same ways that we would respond to danger. Recently, researchers have concluded that noise and our response may be much more than an annoyance. It may be a serious threat to physical and psychological health and well-being, causing damage not only to the ear and brain but also to the heart and stomach. We have long known that hearing loss is America’s number one nonfatal health problem, but now we are learning that some of us with heart disease and ulcers may be victims of noise as well. Fetuses exposed to noise tend to be overactive, they cry easily, and they are more sensitive to gastrointestinal problems after birth. In addition, the psychological effect of noise is very important. Nervousness, irritability, tension and anxiety increase, affecting the quality of rest during sleep, and the efficiency of activities during waking hours, as well as the way that we interact with one another.

  1.       What is the author’s main point?
  2.       According to the text, what is noise?
  3.       What is the reason that is noise difficult to measure?
  4.       What is the synonym of the word congested in paragraph 1?
  5.       Align with the text, people respond to loud noise in the same way as they respond to?
  6.       What is the meaning of phrase as well in paragraph 4?
  7.       It can be concluded from this text that the eye?
  8.       Write a conclusion of the text in a statement that It would be the author most probably agree!

Pembuktian

unwanted : yang tidak diinginkan

disagreeable : marah-marah / tidak menyenangkan

nuisance : gangguan

disrupts : mengganggu

diminishes : berkurang

harmful : berbahaya

commonly : umum

recognized : diakui

Exposure : pencahayaan

slightly imitating :  sedikit meniru

congested : padat

detracts : mengurangi

vulnerable : rentan

accustomed : biasa

instinctively : naluriah

constrict : mengerut

skin pales : gangguan warna kulit

occasionally : kadang – kadang

ceased : berhenti

unavoidable  : dihindari

annoyance : gangguan

ulcers : bisul

Fetuses : janin

gastrointestinal : gangguan sistem perncernaan

anxiety : kegelisahan

Main idea

Noise, like all sounds, is measured by the intensity and frequency of the sound waves that hit the ear

Noise, like all sounds, is measured by the intensity and frequency of the sound waves that hit the ear.

noise is a widely recognized form of pollution,

noise penetrates without protection.

Noise causes effects that the hearer cannot control and to which the body never becomes accustomed.

noise is unavoidable in a complex, industrial society, we are constantly responding in the same ways that we would respond to danger.

1. Highly noise is very harmfull to ears

2.   the intensity and frequency of the sound waves that hit the ear.

3. because the discomfort experienced by different individuals is highly subjective and, therefore, variable.

4. solid

5. Because noise is unavoidable in a complex, industrial society, we are constantly responding in the same ways that we would respond to danger.

6. serta / demikian juga

7. Different with ears because eye can be covered by the eyelids against strong light, the ear has no lid, and is, therefore, always open and vulnerable; noise penetrates without protection.

8. Highly noise is very harmfull to ears

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Essay: Reading Comprehension 11

Instructions

Using the tips to comprehend the reading text from James in www.engvid.com,

1. Read reading text on lesson 12 and note 15 minimum difficult words, find out their meanings, gist main idea of each paragraph, and answer the questions given!

2. make your tasks above in iMe BI102R Class and the SKUP as well as send them to dwi.sloria@raharja.info

3. submit them in iDu.

STATUS : Tercapai

Keterangan : Reading text from James in www.engvid.com  and  Read reading text on lesson 12 and note 15 minimum difficult words, find out their meanings, gist main idea of each paragraph, and answer the questions

Pembuktian :

The nuclear family, consisting of a mother, father, and their children, may be more an American ideal than an American reality. Of course, the so called traditional American family was always more varied than we had been led to believe, reflecting the very different racial, ethnic, class, and religious customs among different American groups,  but today diversity is even more obvious.

The most recent government census statistics reveal that only about one third of all current American families fits the traditional mold of two parents and their children, and another third consists of married couples who either have no children or have none still living at home. An analysis of the remaining one third of the population reveals that about 20 percent of the total number of American households are single people, the most common descriptor being women over sixty-five years of age. A small percentage, about 3 percent of the total, consists of unmarried people who choose to live together; the rest, about 7 percent, are single parents, with at least one child.

There are several easily identifiable reasons for the growing number of single-parent households. First, the sociological phenomenon of single-parent households reflects changes in cultural attitudes toward divorce and also toward unmarried mothers. A substantial number of adults become single parents as a result of divorce. In addition, the number of children born to unmarried women who choose to keep their children and rear them by themselves has increased dramatically. Finally, there is a small percentage of single-parent families that have resulted from untimely death. Today, these varied family types are typical and, therefore, normal.

In addition, because many families live far from relatives, close friends have become a more important part of family life than ever before. The vast majority of Americans claim that they have people in their lives whom they regard as family although they are not related. A view of family that only accepts the traditional nuclear arrangement not only ignores the reality of modern American family life, but also undervalues the familial bonds created in alternatives family arrangements. Apparently, many Americans are achieving supportive relationships in family forms other than the traditional one.

  1. What is the main topic of the passage?
  2. What is the synonym of the word current in paragraph 2?
  3. What does the word none in paragraph 2 refer to?
  4. How many single people were identified in the survey?
  5. Who mostly denotes a one-person household?
  6. What does the word undervalues in paragraph 4 mean?
  7. List some reasons for an increase in single-parent households!
  8. Write a summary in one statement about the passage!

nuclear family : keluarga inti / utama

consisting : terdiri

reflecting : mencerminkan

diversity : keragaman

reveal : mengungkapkan

fits : cocok

descriptor : deskripsi

consists : terdiri

identifiable  : diindentifikasi

phenomenon : gejala

addition : tambahan

rear : memelihara

increased : meningkat

untimely : sebelum waktunya

vast : luas

undervalues : dibawah nilai rata-rata

familial bonds : obligasi keluarga

arrangements  : pengaturan

Apparently : tampaknya / rupanya

—-

1. The American Family

2.  Stream

3. not living together

4. 20 percent

5. 7 percent

6. underestimate

7. the sociological phenomenon of single-parent households reflects changes in cultural attitudes toward divorce and also toward unmarried mothers, lack of early childhood education on marriage, low economic factors, promiscuity.

8. The main factor of the problems of the family in America is the lack of understanding of marriage early on, so a lot of single parents who raise their children alone which raises issues of economic factors and education of the child is low.

Main idea

today diversity is even more obvious in America

only about one third of all current American families fits the traditional mold

A substantial number of adults become single parents as a result of divorce.

close friends have become a more important part of family life than ever before

Lesson 11 Essay: Reading Comprehension 10

Instructions

Using the tips to comprehend the reading text 10th from James in www.engvid.com,

1. note 15 minimum difficult words, find out their meanings, gist main idea of each paragraph, and answer the questions given!

2. make a summary about the tenth meeting reading passage.

3. Make your tasks above in iMe class, and submit them in a form of SKUP and in iDu class. Cheers!

STATUS : Tercapai

Keterangan : Reading Comprehension 10

The influenza virus is a single molecule composed of millions of individual atoms. Although bacteria can be considered a type of plant, secreting poisonous substances into the body of organism they attack, viruses, like the influenza virus, are living organisms themselves. We may consider them regular chemical molecules since they have strictly defined atomic structure; but on the other hand, we must also consider them as being alive since they are able to multiply in unlimited quantities.

An attack brought on by the presence of the influenza virus in the body produces a temporary immunity, but, unfortunately, the protection is against only the type of virus that caused the influenza. Because the disease can be produced by any one of three types, referred to as A, B, or C and many varieties within each type, immunity to one virus will not prevent infection by other types or strains. Protection from the influenza virus is also complicated by the fact that immunity to a specific virus persists for less than a year. Finally, because a virus may periodically change characteristics, the problem of mutation makes it difficult to carry out a successful immunization program. Vaccines are often ineffective against newly evolving strains.

Approximately every ten years, worldwide epidemics of influenza called pandemics occur. Thought to be caused by new strains of type-A virus,  these pandemic viruses have spread rapidly, infecting millions of people.

Vaccines have been developed that have been found to be 70 to 90 percent effective for at least six months against either A or B types of the influenza virus, and a genetically engineered live-virus vaccine is under development. Currently, the United States Public Health Service recommends annual vaccination only for those at greatest risk of complications from influenza, including pregnant women and the elderly. Nevertheless, many other members of the general population request and receive flu shots every year, and even more are immunized during epidemic or pandemic cycles.

 

composed = terdiri

secreting = mensekresi 

poisonous = beracun

substances = zat

strictly =  ketat

consider = pertimbangkan

brought = membawa

disease = penyakit

prevent = mencegah

infection = infeksi

strains = strain (rusak jaringan lunak)

persists = tetap

mutation = mutasi

carry out = melaksanakan / membawa

spread = menyebar 

rapidly = cepat

Summary

The influenza virus is a single molecule composed of millions of individual atoms. A virus may periodically change characteristics, the problem of mutation makes it difficult to carry out a successful immunization program. Vaccines are often ineffective against newly evolving strains. pandemic viruses have spread rapidly, infecting millions of people.   Vaccines have been developed that have been found to be 70 to 90 percent effective for at least six months against either A or B types of the influenza virus, and a genetically engineered live-virus vaccine is under development.

Quest

  1. What is the main topic of the passage?
  2. According to this passage, bacteria are?
  3. What is the synonym of the word strictly in paragraph 1?
  4. How is the atomic structure of viruses?
  5. Why does the author say that viruses are alive?
  6. What is another word of unlimited in paragraph 1?
  7. According to the passage, how does the body react to the influenza virus?
  8. List some characteristics of pandemics!

Answer

  1. The influenza virus
  2. a type of plant, secreting poisonous substances into the body of organism they attack,
  3. Purely
  4. The influenza virus is a single molecule composed of millions of individual atoms.
  5. Because viruses are living organisms themselves.
  6. Infinite
  7. An attack brought on by the presence of the influenza virus in the body produces a temporary immunity, but, unfortunately, the protection is against only the type of virus that caused the influenza.
  8. An influenza pandemic occurs when:
    1. A new subtype of virus arises. This means humans have little or no immunity to it. Everyone is at risk.
    2. The virus spreads easily from person to person, such as through sneezing or coughing
    3. The virus begins to cause serious illness worldwide. With past flu pandemics, the virus reached all parts of the globe within six to nine months. With the speed of air travel today, public health experts believe an influenza pandemic could spread much more quickly. A pandemic can occur in waves. And all parts of the world may not be affected at the same time.